Which god worship on the occasion of Guru Nanak Dev Jayanti?
Guru Nanak, the first guru of Sikhs worship on the occasion of Guru Nanak Dev Jayanti.
What are the other names for this puja? (If any)
Guru Nanak Gurpurab, Guru Nanak's Prakash Utsav are the other names for this puja.
History of the above occasion
Origin of this occasion lies in the birth of Guru Nanak. His date of birth was 15 April, 1469 who founded the religion of Sikhism and born in Rai-Bhoi-di Talwandi, comes under the Shekhupura District in Pakistan and now known as Nankana Sahib. Since 1496, he begin his mission with the statement “There is no Hindu, nor any Mussalman”. He said love all without considering their class, caste, creed or religion. Help the poor and week people. He believe in god and always follow the correct path in his lives. Thus people start watching him as a god and start celebrating this occasion on his birth.
What is the significance of the above occasion?
This occasion is celebrated in the honour of the birth of Guru Nanak, the first guru of Sikhs. People worship their first guru and get good blessings.
How to celebrate this occasion?
The occasion is celebrated by all Gurpurabs in the different hymns. It begins with Prabhat Pheris in the early morning at Gurudwara. Akhand Path before the two days of birthday and Nagarkirtan which is led by Panj Pyaras before a day of birthday is also took place in the Gurudwara. After this, Nishan Sahib and Guru granth Sahib’s Palki, a procession was carried at Gurudwara which is followed by devotes or singers singing chorus and hymns. Bands played various tunes and swordmanship was displayed by a team of Gatka by different martial arts. This procession mostly takes place in the streets and their passage and doors are decorated with flowers and flags and a message of Guru Nanak spread by the devotees and leaders.
The day is also celebrated by singing Asa-di-var, a procession in the early morning followed by Katha and Kirtan by devotees. Next Langar takes place which is organized by the volunteers at Gurudwaras during the lunch time for all the people irrespective of their caste, creed or religion as it is considered as a Prasad.
In some Gurudwaras, processions takes place at night also in the form of prayers which starts in the evening followed by Kirtan takes place till late night. They start singing hymns and chorus from 1:20 a.m., the time of birth of Guru Nanak and continued the same till 2:00 a.m. or as desired by the devotees.
This occasion has a great celebration in the Sikh community takes place all over the world and is considered as a great and most important occasion among the Sikhs.
This occasion is also celebrated by some sindhis.
What are the timings to celebrate this puja or occasion in a year?
According to the Hindu calendar, this puja or occasion is celebrated on Kartik Poornima, which is the full moon day comes in the Kartik month. And as per the Gregorian Calendar, the celebration of the occasion is usually done in the month of November, but the date is not fixed, it differs from year to year.
In which parts of the country, this puja is considered as more important?
It is celebrated by Sikhs all over the world, but in Haryana, Punjab and Chandigarh, this puja is considered as more important.