Durga Puja

Which god worship on the occasion of Durga puja?

Hindu Goddess Durga worship on the occasion of Durga puja. And with this, Lord Shiva, Ganesha, Kartikeya, Goddess Laxmi, Saraswati are also worship.

What are the other names for this Durga puja?

Akaal Bodhan, Durgotsava, Sharadotsav, Sharadiya Pujo, Maha Pujo, Maayer pujo, Navaratri puja, Kullu Dussehra, Mysore Dussehra, Bommai Golu and Bommala Koluvu are the other names for this puja.

History of the Durga Puja

The origin of this puja begins with the worship of Goddess Durga by Lord Rama when he was going to fight (war) with Ravana. He light 108 lamps and offered 108 lotuses blue in colour to Durga, before going.

This puja origin prevails in Bengal in the 16th century A.D. Dinajpur and Malda landlords begins this puja in West Bengal for the first time. As per the other sources, Taherpur’s Raja Kangshanarayan and Nadiya’s Bhabananda Mazumdar first started this puja. As the years passed away, it was celebrated on a large scale when Guptipura 12 friends conducted this puja together in Bengal in 1790. The puja in a collective form was first organized in 1832 in Kolkata by Cossimbazar’s Raja Harinath. In 1910, this puja was celebrated by the whole community. Then this puja organized by Sanatan Dharmotsahini Sabha in Baghbazar in which large no. of people participate in this puja in Kolkata. British officers also took part in this puja. East India Co. In 1765 also organized Durga puja. After this capital of East India Co. Changed from Kolkata to Delhi and max people moved to Delhi and then in 1910, Durga puja was celebrated in Delhi for the first time.

What is the significance of the Durga Puja?

This puja shows that there is always a victory of good over evil or bad so one must do good and right things, walk on the right path and follow a good conduct in their lives as it leads good results and vice versa.

What are the things or material required for the worship of Durga Puja ?

  • Picture or Idol of Goddess Durga
  • Clean water in Kalash
  • Mango leaves
  • A dupatta or sari
  • Durga Saptshati book
  • Fresh grass
  • Roli
  • Moli
  • Rice
  • Sandalwood
  • One coconut
  • Supari
  • Cardamom
  • Paan
  • Cloves
  • Gulal
  • Kumkum
  • Fresh flowers
  • Prasad, fresh fruits

What is the vidhi (method) of Durga Puja?

First of all idol or picture of Goddess Durga, Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva, Kartikeya, Goddess Laxmi, Saraswati are kept at a clean place. Puja begins with the worship of Lord Ganesha. Then all the ingredients given above like roli, chawal, mango leaves, grass, coconut and other things are offered to the god. Next Durga Saptshati book is read. Then aarti tooks place and at the end, Prasad is distributed to the members gathered at puja.

How to celebrate this occasion of Durga Puja?

This occasion is celebrated in a grand manner with complete devotion and enthusiasm across the country by large no. of people in the form of communities and group and sometimes individually. In West Bengal, they dance, form social gatherings, buy new dresses, offer gifts to each other and move out with their family members to see the Pandals in the evening time and enjoy a lot.

What are the timings to celebrate this Durga Puja or occasion in a year?

As per the Hindu calendar, this puja is celebrated for the 5 days in the month of Ashwin every year, mostly comes in Sep or Oct. It begins from sixth day of Ashwina Shukla paksha and ends on the tenth day of Ashwina Shukla paksha.

In which parts of the country, Durga Puja is considered as more important?

In  eastern India, in states such as Assam, Odisha, Bihar, Jharkhand, Manipur, Tripura , this puja is considered as important, as they are having a majority of Bengalis and in West Bengal on a very large scale, as the biggest festival of India. It is also celebrated in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Punjab, Delhi, U.P.,  Kashmir, A.P., Karnataka and Kerala.

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