The city formally began in 1727, although it was inhabited for centuries before that. Jaipur began as Jaipurwas under Jai Singh the Second, who was a Kachwaha Rajput, ruling over the region for the first half of the 18th century.
Located just a few miles from the capital of Amber, Jaipur gained active development over the decades and emerged as a major city in the region. The first stage of development took roughly a decade and transformed the city from a series of plots to take its modern grid form, including roads, squares, intersections and palaces. Designed according to Indian Architect Shilpa Shastra's image, the city's grid design borrows from both British and Indian ideas.
Many of the avenues in the city are brightly colored, a tradition that dates back to the 19th century, when the government would decorate the city square to welcome royal guests. Over the 19th century, the city expanded and become a regional hub for education, technology, finance and banking. Today, the modern universities and technical centers help place Jaipur at the center of international commerce.