Rajasthan possess both creative and cultural traditions which replicate the prehistoric Indian lifestyle. One can find wealthy and wide-ranging folk traditions from villages which are habitually portrayed emblematic of Rajasthan. Ever since 6th century A.D, the core of Rajput influence in Rajasthan can be understood from the striking forts and engraved marble shrines that emerge as the soaring pinecones. The most meticulous way to understand about the vivid state of Rajasthan is through the 3 major conurbations such as, Jaipur, Jodhpur & Udaipur. Each city has its own zest. However, the Aravalli mountain ranges and scrubby Thar Desert are prosperous with pilgrimage areas. A quick look into the pastoral and rustic life of people remains unaffected since the feudal epoch.
The Heritage and Ethnicity of Rajasthan:
Unique Architecture of Rajashtan:
It is a well-known fact that Rajasthan is eminent for the imposing forts, intricately engraved temples and bejeweled Havelis, which were constructed by Maharajas in earlier periods. The famous edifices such as, Dilwara Temples, Jantar Mantar, Lake Palace Hotel, Chittorgarh Fort, Jaisalmer Havelis and City Palaces are a few elements of the architectural heritage of the nation. Jaipur, the Pink City of Rajasthan is admired for the prehistoric residences built with a special type of sand stone and further adorned by pink color. In Ajmer, the white marble “Bara-dari” positioned near the wonderful Anasagar Lake is exquisite. Several Jain temples are speckled all around Rajasthan from east to west and north to south. The divine Ranakpur Temple dedicated to Lord Adinath in the vicinity of Udaipur, Dilwara temples of Mount Abu, Jain temples in the fortress complexes of Jaisalmer, Kumbhalgarh & Chittor are some of the best examples of the architectural brilliance of the state. In addition, the Bhandasar Temple of Bikaner and Lodarva (Lodhruva) Jain temples also symbolize the architectural heritage of Rajasthan.
Marvelous Arts & crafts of Rajasthan:
The state of Rajasthan is renowned for its traditional fabrics, handicrafts, semi-precious stones and for its multihued arts and paintings. The traditional furniture of Rajasthan has obscure carvings and dazzling hues. Bagaru prints, tie and dye prints, Sanganer prints, Block prints and Zari embroidery are the chief export items from Rajasthan. The beautiful Jaipur blue pottery is also a prominent craft form of the state.
Long-established Religious beliefs of Rajasthan:
The most important religion followed in Rajasthan is Hinduism. The most admired Hindu divinities are Krishna, Rama and Surya. Rajasthan boasts numerous Hindu sages and saints. A lot of them were from the early Bhakti period. The saints who belong to Rajasthani flag down from all castes. For example, Karta Ram Maharaj was a Shudra, Umaid Ram Maharaj and Maharshi Naval Ram were Bhangis, Meerabai & Ramdeoji were the brave Rajputs and Sundardasa was a Vaish. Nayaks, the reserved caste served as the storytellers for the Saint Baba Ramdevji.
Popular saints of Rajasthan who endorsed harmony among religions:
Also, Rajasthan had a colossal association to fuse the Hindus & Muslims to worship the divinity jointly. Saint Baba Ramdevji was respected by Muslims, equally as he was by the Hindus. Saint Dadu Dayal was a well-liked personality who arrived from Gujarat to Rajasthan to moralize the harmony or Ram & Allah. Similarly, Saint Rajjab was a sage who was born in Rajasthan and later became a follower of Dadu Dayal. He extended the viewpoint of agreement between both Hindu and Muslim religion people. One more well-liked saint was Saint Kabir who was illustrious for uniting both Hindu & Muslim society together. He insisted that divinity can have several forms such as Krishna, Rama or Allah.
Festivals and Fairs of Rajasthan:
The chief religious celebrations of Rajasthan comprise Diwali, Gangaur, Holi, Gogaji, Teej, Janmashtami and Makar Sankranti. The desert festival of Rajasthan is celebrated with immense enthusiasm and fanaticism. This desert festival is conducted every year during the winter season. People of desert dress up in luminously colored costumes and they dance and sing about the courage, romance and misfortune of the ancient Rajasthan. Rajasthan is famous for the fairs along with puppeteers, snake charmers, folk performers and acrobats. The King of deserts – Camel plays a key role in such fairs.
Traditional Dance and Music forms of Rajasthan:
Extremely sophisticated classical music & dance with its own discrete approach is a major element of the heritage and cultural folklore of Rajasthan. The traditional music of Rajasthan is unsophisticated and the songs represent daily relationships and farm duties. More often, the songs focus on women fetching water from the wells and ponds.
The famous Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer and Ghoomar dance from Udaipur have acquired global acknowledgment. The traditional Folk music is a most important component of Rajasthani civilization. Bhopa, Kathputali, Teratali, Chang, Ghindar, Tejaji, Kachchhighori and parth dance are the best instances of the time-honored Rajasthani mores. These Folk songs generally narrate the gallant actions and love stories. On the other hand, the spiritual or devotional songs often known as “Bhajans” & Banis (frequently paired up with musical instruments such as sitar, dholak and sarangi) are also famous in Rajasthan.
Traditional clothing of Rajasthan:
Shimmering the bright culture and heritage of Rajasthan, the costumes of Rajasthanis take account of numerous embroidery and dazzling mirror-works. The costumes of Rajasthani people are habitually created in dazzling hues such as, yellow, orange and blue. The traditional Rajasthani dress for women includes a short top and an ankle-length skirt that are often referred as a “Chaniya choli or a Lehenga”. Men use traditional Turbans and women use a piece of fabric to cover up their heads. People follow this to protect themselves from excessive heat and as a sign of modesty.
It is the responsibility of every Rajasthani to follow and respect the traditional beliefs, heritage and convictions of the wonderful state of Rajasthan. Even though today’s modern computer-era took over and modified several traditions or heritages of the state, they must not be completely eradicated. This is because the ancient heritage, tradition, ethnicity of Rajasthan helps India to stand out among other nations in the world.