Chittorgarh, in the state of Rajasthan is also known as Chittor. This city dates back to the 7th-16th century. Chittogarh was the capital city of Mewar that was ruled by the brave Rajputs. Chittor reminds the reminiscences of great valor and forfeit by Rajput warriors in the sporadic combats between the attackers of Delhi. It observed both the negative effects of combat and the victory of the courage. The city of Chittor is sprinkled with several ramparts and monuments. They stand as the substantiation of the precious lives of many warriors who fought for their city in the past.
Long-established Chittogarh Fort:
The Chittorgarh Fort is a gigantic, regal fort that is positioned on the top of hill in the vicinity of Chittorgarh town. The fort is positioned on a massive 700 acres land area on a 180m towering hill that mounts quickly. The Chittorgarh Fort echoes the olden times of bravery and forfeit. Chittorgarh is the embodiment of Rajput delight, anecdote and fortitude. Chittorgarh Fort, one of the most traditionally noteworthy forts is famous not only in Rajasthan but also in the entire region of Northern India. The Highlight of Chittorgarh Fort is its colossal summit fort, which is a portrayal of Rajput civilization and principles. The origin of the fort is traced back to Pandava brothers of Mahabharata. It is assumed that Bhima, the 2nd Pandava brother established Chittorgarh Fort. The Meera & Khumba Shyam Temple are placed inside the fort. This fort is linked with Meera, a spiritualist loyal to Lord Krishna whose existence and Bhajans have turned out to be a vital element of the villagers and mythical traditions of the district and diverse regions of India.
Location and Access:
The town of Chittorgarh is placed in the southern side of Rajasthan. It is placed at the side of a sky-scraping hill close to the Gambheri River. Chittorgarh is placed at a distance of around 112 km from the city if Udaipur and 182 km from the city of Ajmer. Chittorgarh has very dry climatic conditions. The grand Chittorgarh Fort of Rajasthan pulls both domestic and global sightseers thanks to countless historical and spiritual attractions inside the city and in the nearby areas. This place is very well connected to the chief metropolises of India by Bus, Train and Air.
History of the Grand Chittogarh Fort:
Around 8th century, the city of Chittor was offered as a fraction of gift to Bappa Rawal, the originator of the Sisodia family. Till 16th century, the province was under the control of Mewar realm of Bappa Rawal and his children. During the Mewar period, Chittorgarh was invaded 3 times. However, the combat with Ala-ud-din Khilji (the sultan of Delhi) for saving Rana Ratan Singh was the personification of forgo, pride and love. As indicated by fable, fascinated by the attractiveness and allure of Rani Padmini’s, Ala-ud-Din Khilji preferred to meet Rani Padmini. In order to execute his wish, the army of Ala-ud-din Khilji bounded Chittor and conveyed a memorandum to Rana Ratan Singh (spouse of Rani Padmini). They reserved a condition that they would back away if, Ala-ud-din Khilji could meet Rani Padmini. As a result, he was permitted to notice Rani Padmini’s mirror image. Nevertheless, Ala-du-Khilji was disloyal to Rana Ratan Singh and detained him as a prisoner. With the intention to release Rana Ratan Singh, Rani Padmini invaded Ala-ud-Khilji. Even though she was able to free her companion, Chittor lost 7000 soldiers during the warfare. In response, the Sultan invaded Chittor. As a result, Rani Padmini and her women associates executed utmost sacrifice known as “Jauhar”. The ladies gave themselves to a pyre of fire more willingly than to submit themselves to somebody.
Highlights of Chittorgarh Fort:
Albeit Chittorgarh Fort of Rajasthan is damaged now it is an awe-inspiring token of ancient history. The walls of the fort still echoes with incredible fable of astonishing Rajput warriors and their surprising actions. The royal Chittorgarh Fort has a lot of glorious shrines and monuments:
Seven Chief Gateways of Chittorgarh Fort: So as to enter the Chittorgarh fort, all visitors should pass the 7 huge gates (or Pol) such as, Padan Pol, Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol, Jorla pol, Ganesh pol, Ram pol and Laxman pol. Each gateway is diverse in its name, plan and its dimension.
Fateh Prakash Museum in the Chittorgarh Fort of Rajasthan, India:
Fateh Prakash, the most modern building in Chittor is in close proximity to Rana Kumbha palace. Constructed during the 1st half of 20th century, the fortress was the dwelling of Maharana Fateh Singh, Chittor’s emperor who deceased in the year 1930. A fraction of the structure has now been rehabilitated into a museum. However, the other parts of it are blocked. This palace boasts a huge compilation of statues from temples and edifices in the Fort.
Rana Kumbha Palace:
Maharana Kumbhakarna or Rana Kumbha was the emperor of Mewar during 1433 and 1468 AD. Rana Kumbha was a Rajput warrior of the Sisodia clan. Rana Kumbha was the precursor of the 15th century Rajput renaissance. Rana Kumbha was the one who authoritatively established Chittor. His palace is the ancient tombstone inside the fort walls. The fortress was constructed by using plastered stone. The entrance of Rana Kunbha is via Suraj Pol which directly takes you to a patio. On the right side of Suraj Pol, one can find the Darikhana or Sabha (committee assembly room). A Ganesha temple and the zenana (existing quarters for ladies) can be spotted at the rear of the Sabha.
Rani Padmini’s Palace of the Chittorgarh Fort in Rajasthan, India:
Rani Padmini’s Palace is a dense 3 storey white edifice. However, a 19th century rebuilding of the original building is what is present now. The fortress is bordered by water and the foreseeable chhatris (pavilions) round off the roofs of the palace. May be, this palace was the precursor of the model of Jal Mahal (palaces delimited by water). It is said that the Mughal ruler Akbar fetched enormous bronze gates and fitted them in Agra.
Kunwar Pade ka Mahal:
Kunwar Pade ka Mahal was the citadel of the Chittor prince. It was built in 1450 AD. Fascinatingly, Kunwar Pade ka Mahal incorporates the usage of ogee arches in Rajput architecture. Later, these “S-shaped” arches became a vital aspect of Rajput architecture and were extensively employed in step wells, temples and palaces. Kunwar Pade ka Mahal has some of the good-looking blue tiles that went into beautifying most of the fortresses into Chittorgarh fort.
Vijay Stambh, the tower of Victory : This tower was constructed in 1440 AD by Maharana Kumbha to honor his conquest over Mohamed Khilji. This 9 storey tower is ornamented by statuettes of Hindu goddesses all over. The 157 tapered steps leads to the patio where the galleries offer a gorgeous crown angle view of the entire city.
Kirti Stambh, the tower of Fame : This 22 metre lofty tower was established by a rich Jain businessman around12th century A.D. This tower is devoted to Adinathji, the primary Jain Teerthankar decked out by the bare forms of the “Digambars” (as believers of the Digambar division does not trust in covering the human body). A tapered staircase leads to the top 7 stories of the tower.
Gaumukh Reservoir : Gaumukh Reservoir is a profound tank that is filled up by a fountain that arrives from a “cow’s mouth”. It is placed at the rim of the rock face. Gaumukh Reservoir is well thought-out to be a holy place where visitors can feed the beautiful fishes.
Kalika Mata Temple or Kalikamata Mandir : In the 8th century, this Kalika Mata deity temple was constructed initially as the Sun (Surya) temple and was rehabilitated to its current form only in the 14th century.
Jain Mandir (temple) Sattavish devri : Now, there are 6 Jain temples on the Chittorgarh fort. The major one among all Jain temples is the Bhagawan Adinatha temple with 52 ‘Devkulikas’.