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Forest in India

Jungles, the forest in India have always been an issue of controversies and a great worry. Due to uncontrolled cutting, mining and poaching, Indian forests cover is shrinking and so the wildlife. According to the Indian State of Forest Report, 2011, released by the Forest Survey of India on February 7, the total forest cover in the country is now at 6,92,027 sq Km. This accounts for 21.05 per cent of the total geographical area of India which was 23.02 per cent of total geographical area in 2010. India has lost 367 sq km of forest cover in the past two years.

India has a diverse range of forests and geographical conditions. From the rainforest of the Kerala to the alpines of the ladakh and from the desert of Rajasthan to the evergreen forests of the north east, diversity of forests can be seen. Soil profile, climate, topographical conditions and elevation are main factors to determine the types of forests. Forests can be classified according to their nature, composition, types of plant they contain, environment they thrive in and the relationship with the surrounding environment.

There are six major types of forest in India :

Tropical moist of forest in india

Tropic moist forests can be further classified into evergreen, semi-evergreen, moist deciduous and littoral and swamp.

Tropical dry forests

Tropical dry forests can be further categorized into dry deciduous, thorny forests and dry evergreen.

Montane subtropical forests

They are further sub divided into broad leaved forests and pine.

Mountain temperate of forest in india

These types of forests are sub-divided into dry, moist and wet forests.

Sub Alpine forests

These forests extend from Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh. Most predominant flora is juniper, rhododendron, willow, black currant, red fir, black juniper, birch, and larch.

Alpine forests

Alpine can also be categorized into moist and dry.

People of India are exploiting forests and harming the natural habitat of animals. People are deforestation the forests and poaching the animals for their skin and bones. The national forest policy of India, 1952 aimed at bringing one third of landmass of the country under forest cover. But the question is has it been enforced?

“Doing things at individual level may lead to great efforts in protecting our environment. Now this is the time to wake up and do something to protect us, our future and our earth!”

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