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Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya, the great Architect of Jaipur

Jaipur is one of the well-designed cities in India. Often, Jaipur is called “The Pink City” of Rajasthan. Also, there is a tale behind this name. Around 1905-1906, the Prince of Wales visited Jaipur. So, there was a desperate necessitate for the city to come into view as a good-looking conurbation. For this reason, the city was repainted. However, due to the lack of sufficient colors of paints, the painters decorated the entire city in pink shade. Jaipur is famous for its charming monuments and vivid markets, stunning handlooms and magnificently designed gardens. People in Jaipur are smiling and welcoming. Jaipur is celebrated for its grandiose forts, luxurious Havelis, gorgeous lakes and awesome sand dunes. Jaipur is not only gifted with astonishing tourist attractions but also has an admirable infrastructure to sustain tourism. Jaipur boasts some of the best hotels in the nation. These hotels harmonize the picturesque and architectural attractiveness of the Pink City.

The Brilliant Architect of Jaipur:

The city of Jaipur is well-off in its artistic and architectural charm, which can be traced in an assortment of chronological and artistic destinations that dwell in the city. The credit for designing the beautiful city of Jaipur goes to Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Brahmin scholar who belongs to Bengal. Vidyadhar Bhattacharya created wonderful plans in line with the prehistoric Hindu dissertation on an architecture known as ‘Shilpa Shastra', the science of Indian structural design.

According to this, the city of Jaipur was constructed in 9 rectangular blocks. 7 of these blocks were created to serve the civic and the remaining 2 comprised state buildings and palaces. The city of Jaipur was further surrounded by the city wall and the entrance was through the 7 gates. With the intention to ensure the defence, gigantic fortification walls were created together with 7 burly gates.

History of Jaipur city:

The olden times of Jaipur take the readers to more or less 300 years back in history when the Mughal Kingdom in India was turned down. Jaipur, the pink city of Rajasthan was established in the year 1727 by the great Maharaja Jai Singh II who was a Kachhwaha Rajput. He ruled the region from the year 1699 to 1744. In the beginning, Maharaja’s capital city was Amber. Amber is placed at a distance of about 11kms from the city of Jaipur. However, Maharaja wanted to move his capital city to some other place owing to the rise in residents and mounting insufficiency of water. So, Maharaja Jai Singh decided to create Jaipur. As a matter of fact, Jaipur was the first designed city of India and the sovereign took so much effort while planning Jaipur. He referred to quite a lot of architectural books and discussed with brilliant architects before creating the design of Jaipur city. After numerous combats with Maratha rulers, Jai Singh wanted to protect the people of Amber by avoiding disagreements with the Mughal Emperors. Owing to multiple reasons, Maharaja Jai Sing concentrated on the technical and artistic welfare to make Jaipur a luminous city.

Wonderful planning of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya:

Since Maharaja Jai Singh was an aficionado of science & mathematics, he tried to seek suggestions from Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Brahmin researcher of Bengal to help him plan the structural design of Jaipur. By referring to the prehistoric books of Ptolemy & Euclid and Indian literature on astronomy, Vidhyadhar explained the structural design to Maharaja. After that, Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, the brilliant architect created the plans in proportion to olden Hindu discourse on an architecture known as ‘Shilpa Shastra', the art of Indian building. Based on the tactical plan, the edifice of the Jaipur started in the year 1727. On the whole, it took almost 4 years to finish the build the main palaces, squares and roads of the city. Jaipur was constructed based on the ideology of ‘Vastu Shastra’. The city of Jaipur was split into 9 blocks, of which 2 of them includes the state buildings & palaces. The remaining 7 blocks are allocated to the community. Gigantic fortification walls were created in conjunction with the 7 well-built gates.

During that period, the structural design of the Jaipur was highly sophisticated and undoubtedly the finest in India. When the Prince of Wales visited Jaipur in the year 1853, the entire city was decorated in pink color to greet him. From then, Jaipur was known as the ‘Pink City' of Rajasthan. Even today, the broad avenues of Jaipur still remain to be painted in pink color which offers a unique exterior and allure to the city.

Beautiful Vidyadhar Garden:

Vidyadhar Garden is one of the stunning gardens in Jaipur. This garden was created by the brave Rajputs of Jaipur based on the Mughals' characterization of Garden. Vidyadhar Garden was originally created in the reminiscence of the late Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, the talented primary architect & city designer of Jaipur. Vidyadhar Garden is a fascinating example of Shilpa Shastra, the olden Indian style of architecture which was used by Vidyadhar while designing the splendid city of Jaipur. In the beginning, this garden served as a winery to former emperors. Later, it was remodelled to its current form. In essence, Vidhyadhar Ka Bagh was made custom made to fetch a feeling of relief in the parched landscape of the arid region. The Garden is positioned at a distance of about 8 km on the eastern side of Jaipur city, on the Jaipur-Agra thoroughfare. Vidyadhar Garden is snuggled between 2 rock-strewn mountains, which offer its much desirable picturesque status to this spot. This rambling garden, with its wonderfully arranged chiselled fountains, flowerbeds, pictorial vineyard, sylvan lakes, Mural paintings and stunning galleries are a real feast to the visitors’ eyes. Vidhyadhar Gardens is the inimitable, well-designed garden in the stately city of Jaipur. Visitors can admire the beauty of this garden during early sunset when the garden is lightened up with dazzling and colorful lights everywhere.

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