Adornment of a woman is incomplete without the jewellery in Indian tradition. Any occasion wedding or a casual party every woman desire to look best among the others and wants to be the centre of attraction. Women adorn her beauty with jewellery. Women do not move out of their house without jewellery. Women wear too much of jewellery like rings, bangles, anklets, earing and many more.
Mangalsutra is a sacred jewel which has been known to be used by married women since ancient times. ‘Mangal’ means auspicious and ‘sutra’ means thread which is tied by the groom around the neck of his bride as a sign of their union. Mangal sutra is a sacred thread made from black beads and gold pendent in the middle.
Indian people have been found to be engaged in various kinds of jewellery arts like Meenakari, kundan, stone and bead work etc. since ancient times. The craft of cutting and polishing of precious and semi-precious stones and giving them shiny appearance is artistic. Gold is one of the metals used for the preparation of jewellery and silver is another metal. Various stones like emeralds, rubies, garnets, amethyst, corals, sapphires and turquoises are used to enhance the jewels. Gold is considered as auspicious and status symbol in the south Indians.
Jewellery made from gold and silver having precious stones like diamonds, rubies and emeralds are the art form which was inspired from Mughals. Meenakari, a type of enamelling, is used to fill floral patterns in the gold jewel with red and blue coloured material to make it more beautiful and to protect gold.
Here are the some of the traditional art forms to produce various jewels which are still popular among women.
Filigree : Filigree work is done on silver which needs a lot of technical experience. This type of art form goes way back from centuries.
Ivory jewellery : Ivory jewellery made up of the tusks of elephants. Ivory bangles are very popular among the Rajasthani and Gujarati women.
Jadau jewellery : This is the very unique jewellery style which is the art form of Rajasthan and Gujarat. This form of jewellery came from Mughals. This type of jewellery is still worn by women during rituals. In jadau jewellery, precious and semi-precious stones are embedded in molten gold and silver.
Kundan jewellery : Kundan jewellery is the very own art form of Indians. This is the trendiest art form and is popular among the young women as well. Kundan jewellery is created by cutting and polishing gem stones into an exquisitely designed pure gold or faux metal base.
Lac jewellery : Lacquer jewellery is the art form originated from Rajasthan and is now popular among whole India. Among lac jewellery lac bangles are most popular.
Meenakari : Meenakari is ancient art form in which gold is enamelled with the gem stones. This art form was originated from Rajasthan and was introduced by Raja Man Singh of Amber. This art form is the amalgam of Lahor art form and Rajasthani art form. It is a most difficult and intricate process of decorating the surfaces of the metals like gold, silver copper etc. by attaching, or fusing pieces made of coloured glass powders.
Panchchikam jewellery : This type of jewellery was originated from Gujarat, kutch region a century ago. Panchchikam is back in fashion again. Panchchikam has crude form and silver is used instead of gold. Thus it is cheap and very popular also. This type of jewellery is still prepared by hand.