Shrinathji Temple in Nathdwara
Shrinathji Temple in Nathdwara is a temple that is devoted to Shrinathji. This temple is well thought-out to be a vital pilgrimage spot by the Vaishnavs. In essence, Nathdwara is a tiny city in the state of Rajasthan. This place is placed at a distance of about 48 kilometers in the north-eastern part of Udaipur, Rajasthan. Nathdwara is spotted on the Banas river bank. Nathdwara is well-known for God Shrinathji (Deity Krishna) temple which was built in early 17th centuries. The word “Nathdwara” means the “Gate of the God”. The Shrinathji pilgrimage is also famous for the “Haveli of Shrinathji” and thus stands as an outstanding pilgrimage center of the Vaishnavas and Hindus. Wealth and source of revenue in Nathdwara town solely rotate around the Haveli, which was once a regal fortress of the “Sesodia Rajput” emperors of Mewar.
History behind Shrinathji temple:
At heart, the Shrinathji idol of is considered to be self-appeared. The statue of the God Krishna had been moved to a protective zone by a Goswami priest in the year 1669 from the Vrindaban in order to safeguard it from the Anti-Hindu, barbarian and iconoclastic obliteration of the Mughal sovereign Aurangzeb. As soon as the statue of Lord Krishna reached a place at rural community Sinhad or Sihad, the wheels of the bullock cart in which the statue was being carried went down into the deep into the mud and cannot be moved farther than that spot. The priests then found out that the exacting area was the special spot of God. For that reason, a temple was constricted at that exact spot under the decree. At present, Lord Shrinathji is worshiped by the kul priests (genealogical successors) of Vallabhacharya in every Havelis all over the globe, which had also been manifested solely by them.
Construction and design of the Shrinathji Temple:
The Shrinathji temple has been created based on the Nanda Maharaj temple of (father of Lord Krishna) in Vrindavan. As a result, this temple is also referred as Nandalaya (the abode of Nanda) or Nanda Bhavan. A Kalasha that is on the Sikhara marks the pinnacle of the temple, on which 7 flags are embedded together with the ‘Sudarshana Chakra’. The 7 flags stand for the garments of the 7 Sakhis (friends) of Lord Krishna. This temple is also known as “Shrinathji ki Haveli” (Abode of Shrinathji) as it boasts a chariot for movement (In actual fact, it is the original chariot in which Lord Shrinathji was carried to Singhar village). The temple has storehouses for Doodhghar (milk ), Paanghar (betel ), Mishrighar & Pedaghar (sugar & sweetmeats), Phoolghar (a store room for flowers ), a purposeful kitchen, Gahnaghar (a Jewelery room), Kharcha bhandaar (reserves), Ashvashala (stable for the horses of the chariot), Chakki (gold & silver grinding wheel) and Baithak (drawing room). The Shrinathji temple has supplementary temples devoted to God Madan Mohan and Deity Naveet Priya that are placed in the main temple complex.
The Icon of Shrinathji:
Shrinathji stands as another form of Lord Krishna, when he picked up the Govardhan Mountain with one arm up. The image of Lord Shrinathji is made up of one black marble, where the God is revealed with his right hand made into a fist that rests at the waist and left hand raised with a big diamond rested underneath the lips. The idol has images of 2 cows, 1 lion, 1 snake, 2 peacocks and 1 parrot imprinted on it and 3 sages are also kept close to it.