The prosperous tradition of Rajasthan is obvious in its inimitable art & culture. The patterned Havelis, metaphorical fortresses and sophisticatedly engraved temples, the architectural prettiness of citadels and fortresses are the symbols of extraordinary skills of the architects. Alternatively, the multihued fairs and festivals of Rajasthan with time-honored dance and music signify an inimitable civilization of this pulsating state. Simply put, Rajasthan is a terra firma of striking art, crafts and celebrations which will mesmerize every explorer. Every carnival and celebration in Rajasthan is a manifestation of the wealthy art & craft in terms of music, bazaars, dance, sport events and cuisine which offers a chance to get an imminent outlook of the life and civilization of the state. Every district of Rajasthan possesses a dissimilar and assorted form of art and culture to attract its visitors. The former Maharajas supported these art and craft forms and therefore countless great artists thrived during olden times. The sculptures and paintings of Rajasthan are renowned all over the globe for their idiosyncratic style and exquisiteness.
Incredible Sculptures and Carvings of Rajasthan:
No wonder that Rajasthan is also eminent for its sculptures and masonry particularly the carvings on sandstone and marbles. This type of art was employed in carving metaphors of the deities from the stone chunk.
As a matter of fact, people of Rajasthan possess the art of converting the regular clay into startling Sculptures. It is one of the most remarkable arts of the region. The art of creating sculptures touched its height in the prehistoric era as one can notice the wonderful sculptures in most of the ancient forts, palaces, shrines, Havelis and Step wells of Rajasthan. With simple tools such as hammer, borer and chisel, the talented artists generate sculptures whose exquisiteness sometimes goes further than the mind’s eye. The talented artists used the transcripts of Manasara and Shilpashastra as their instructions for producing enchanted sculptures out of regular clay. The pink city of Jaipur is eminent for the marble images that can be best observed in the famous Dilwara temples. The beautiful Havelis are finely engraved out in sandstones. Also, Jharokhas (windows), attics, Columns, domes, brackets, arches and cupolas are scrupulously carved out. Individual sculptures can be observed in the form of different sculptures such as tables, water fountains, stone statues, planters, flower vases and several other ornamental things. Basically, two methods exist to scrutinize the topic of the sculptor's art. They are architectural decoration, and separate work. The stand alone art had no much use in Rajasthan, and statues were carved either for preserving in temples, or statuette was an element of the great architectural design.
Among the popular Jaisalmer Havelis, 3 havelis are stupendous. These are the Patwon ki Haveli, Nathmalji ki Haveli and Salim Singh's Haveli that were established in 18th and 19th centuries. These Havelis were built with intricate architectural tool to produce structures that were affluent with the stone mason’s terms. Hence, each haveli is like a course book on a topic. The balconies, Fluted columns, domes, arches, eaves, jharokhas, cupolas, brackets and every single part is carved in a different way. The designs are geometrical and flower-patterned.
Intricate Jain Sculptures:
For absolute detail, nothing can compete the extreme marble sculpturing that were urbanized by the Jains at their shrines. The majority of Jain temples have huge sculptures of their “tirthankaras” preserved in the sanctum. The architecture of Jain temple is typified by its abundance of sculpturing. The stone is casted, carved, hollowed out and then developed so that each grain turns into a component of the imposing design of the shrine. The pillars are carved in a different way so that no one pillar is similar to another one. The most excellent examples of Jain temples in Rajasthan are at Ranakpur and at Mount Abu.
Remarkable styles used in Rajasthan paintings:
The paintings of Rajasthan possess 2 different shades to their approach or style. One is the former school of miniature paintings whose development deepened in the courts of entire Northern India and Deccan. The second one is the folk style which is unsurpassed to Rajasthan. The magnificent 16th century observed the ascend in diverse painting schools such as the Bundi-Kota Kalam, the Mewar school, Bikaner, the Jaipur, the Marwar and Kishengarh schools. Miniature paintings were created in Rajasthani and Mughal styles. The Rajasthani miniatures are poles apart from the Mughal miniature paintings in terms of shade and work of art. In Rajasthani miniature paintings, dazzling colors and audacious compositions are used and the paintings embrace quite a lot of subjects including the religion, emperors, and material. In contrast, the the Mughal miniature paintings were limited to court scenes and Mughal Kings only. The well-liked Rajasthani painting is the one that represents wonderful Krishna Leela. The Pichhwais from Nathdwara are wholly devoted to the deity Krishna.
Folk style Paintings:
Again, the folk style paintings are split into 2 styles. The Phads are in the form of a scroll decorated on an outsized picture. The Phads portray the fables of “Pabuji Ramdeo” who belonged to the Rabari family along with his black stallion. The colors that are used for this type of paintings are red, black and bright orange. The Pichwais are ornamental drape fabrics that are used as a backdrop for celestial pictures or deity idols in a temple. The painting styles show a discrepancy and are divided into block printed, brocaded, golden thread work and embroidered paintings.