In the Northern Province of India, Ranthambore National Park, positioned in the south-eastern region of Rajasthan is well thought-out to be one of the principal National parks of the nation. Ranthambore National Park is very famous for the dwelling of “Regal Bengal Tigers” which can be noticed in the environs of the lagoons and marshlands of the Park even in the daylight hours. One can see these tigers strolling indolently in the daytime or anxiously hunting down the ‘Sambar’ in the lake areas. The celebrated Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve was a significant game preserve in the past. It is the panorama where the illustrious “Indian Tiger” can be spotted. Ranthambore National Park is placed almost 14 km away from the region of Sawai Madhopur and is located approximately 180 km from the pink city of Jaipur. Flanked by the majestic Aravali Mountains and Vindhya highlands, the Ranthambore National Park is one of the well-liked wild life sanctuaries of the nation and is distinguished by sharp cliffs and rock-strewn plains as well. This illustrious sanctuary possesses a cosmic land area of about 1,334 acres.
History and Establishments
In essence, Ranthambore National Park is a captivating fusion of natural world and olden times. There is also a redoubtable fort inside the Park. This fort was established around 10th century and was admired by several emperors owing to its tactical location amid central and Northern part of India. In ancient times, the environment in which the Ranthambore National Park is placed now was the popular hunting spot of the gutsy Jaipur Maharajas. Later, around 1955, Ranthambhore was long-established as the “Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary” by the Indian Government and was acknowledged as one of the “Project Tiger reserves” in the year 1973. After a while, in the year 1980, this place has developed into the eminent “Ranthambore National Park”. What’s more, Ranthambore is a well-liked heritage destination on account of the illustrative remains of the Ranthambore Fort that’s inside the park. The whole forest is sprinkled with the ramparts and spill out of the Ranthambore Fort. In 1984, the adjacent forests were declared as the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary & Keladevi Sanctuary. In the year 1991, the tiger reserve was widened to embrace both Sawai Man Singh & Keladevi sanctuaries. Deteriorating old walls, broken pavilions, old wells, and other prehistoric structures symbolize the splendid ancient times of this province.
The Far-reaching Ecosystem of Ranthambore National Park
Standing at the pinnacle of the animal food chain, Tiger is the sovereign’s “peer of the realm”. Always reticent and quiet owing to its nature, Tiger would prefer to function in a sneaky way. For that reason, Tiger sightings are frequent and are constantly a matter of probability. On the other hand, indications of tiger's behaviours are also truly exhilarating. Not counting Tigers, the different types of wild cats spotted in Ranthambore National Park include: Caracal, Leopard, Fishing cat, Jungle cat and Leopard cat. Some other huge marauders comprise Striped Hyena, Sloth Bear, Desert fox, Jackal, Palm civet, Ratels, python, crocodile, Mongoose and much more. The two major antler species that are commonly found are Sambhar deer & spotted deer (chital) and two major antelopes spotted are Bluebull (Nilgai ) & Indian Gazelle (chinkara). Black bucks, small Indian Civets Macaques, Indian Wild Boar, Palm Yellow Bats, Rufoustailed Hare, Indian Gerbilles, Longeared Hedgehogs, Indian Flying Foxes, 5 striped Palm Squirrels, Indian Mole Rats, and Indian Porcupines are some other wild life species that can be seen in Ranthambore National Park.
In addition to the forceful Tigers, Ranthambore National Park boasts countless animals and amphibians that are a treat to the eyes. Tourists from various parts of the world observe, recognize and appreciate these animal species on a regular basis. Charming spotted Deer found here are truly pleasing to the eyes. You can watch the gigantic Sambhars and crocodiles lazily lying around the lake areas whereas the vultures & frogs towering in the skies. Serpent Eagles examining the land from the tree branch is the curiosity of a tourist with compassion. Other than these amphibians, the banded and common Kraits, desert monitor lizards, North Indian flap-shelled Turtles, the Indian Chamaeleon soft-shelled Turtles, Rat Snakes, Tortoise, Cobras, Indian Pythons, the Saw-scaled Vipers and Russel's Vipers grabs the sightseer’s attention as well. Generally speaking, all tourists and sightseers will find the eventful Ranthmbhore National Park as a “wow” experience while the “Tiger Den Resort” will augment their familiarity through the breezy and relaxed ambiance.
The entire region of the renowned Ranthambore National Park is wrapped up by desiccated deciduous varieties of foliage. This place boasts approximately 300 different species of plants and trees, in conjunction with the Dhok (Anogeossis pendula) ruling the undergrowths. The major flora in this park comprise: Babul (Accasia nilotica), Tamarind (Tamarindicus indica), Banyan (Ficus benghalensis), Mango (Magnifera iIndica), Ber (Zizyphus mauritania), Dhak or Chila (known as “Flame of the forest”), Date (Phoenix sylvestris), Kadam (Authocephalus cadamba), Kakera (Flacourtia indica), Neem (Azadirachta indica)Khair (Accacia catechu), Karel (Capparis decidua), Mohua (Madhuca indica) and much more.
Splendid Bird varieties:
Despite the fact that Ranthambore National Park is renowned for its enormous inhabitants of Tigers, this place also offers great opportunities for all visitors, bird adorers and ornithologists to watch some of the ecstatic bird species. Ranthambore National Park is prosperous in bird species that has approximately 300 different species of birds. If truth be told, Ranthambore Park and its environs are cloud nine for an enthusiastic bird spectator. Ranthambore National Park has a noteworthy population of both local and drifting birds. It is really tricky to point out the exact names all the birds that are found in the Ranthambore National Park. A few salient bird species found in the park are: Indian Gray Hornbills, Woodpeckers, Graylag Goose, Kingfishers, Bee Eaters, Asian Palm Swift, Cuckoos, Parakeets, Nightjars, Owl, Dove, Pigeon, Snipes, Crakes, Gulls, Sandpipers, Great Crested Grebe, Terns, Darters, Eagles, Egrets, Cormorants, Bitterns, Herons, Ibis, Flamingos, Storks, Pelicans, Shrikes, Pittas, Crows, Treepies, Cuckoo-Shrikes, Orioles, Drongos, Minivets, Ioras, Flycatchers, Pipits, Wood Shrikes, Sparrows, Bayas, Wagtails, Finches, Bulbul, Munias, Falcons and Mynas. Several attention-grabbing local birds species found are: huge Cormorant, Sarus Crane, Painted Spur fowl, Sandpiper, Bronzed winged Jacana, Nightjar, Great horned owl & Painted Sand grouse. In winter, numerous customary wander birds also pay a visit to Ranthambore National Park and neighborhood areas from Northern Himalayas.
The best destinations to watch these beautiful bird species within the Ranthambore National Park are the Ranthambore Fort, Malik Talao, Padam Talao, Jhalra area & Rajbagh Talao.
Major Tourist attractions Inside Ranthambore Park
Apart from the mind-blowing flora & fauna of the park, there are several other attractions and picturesque lakes within the park. Some of the places that are worth mentioning are listed below:
Kachida Valley: Kachida valley has several stony projections and stumpy knolls that are placed on the brink of the park environs. Visitors are recommended to take a Jeep safari while paying a visit to this valley.
Ranthambore Fort: Ranthambore Fort proudly stands on the top of the hill as a representation of the ancient epoch. This royal fort overlooks the whole park. The walk up in the fort is one of the inspirational and exhilarating activities and one can spot big cats in the fort area! The view of the neighbouring areas gets even finer as you move up. The sole spectacular view from the Ranthambore fort is best exemplified as “Out of this world”.
Bakuala: The Ranthambore National Park is mostly wrapped up by dense wooded area and mostly woods occupies the huge part of the region. One such chief region of the densely wooded areas is known as the “Bakaula region”. In essence, Bakaula take in thick woods, with several petite ponds and lagoons.
Lakarda Anantpura: Lakarda Anantpura is placed between the “North-Western” & Northern provinces of the park. These are very good locations to spot a few Sloth Bears.
Raj Bagh Ruins: Raj Bagh ruins are positioned amid the Raj Bagh Talao & Padam Talao lakes. These prehistoric rock structures such as fortress outhouses, archways, steps and domes offer these areas a unique feeling that cannot be felt anywhere in the globe.
Rajabagh Talao: Rajabagh Talao is most likely the greatest scenic lakes of the other 3 lakes. This lake can be spotted along its edges owing to the wrecks. However, this lake has shared some of it's exquisiteness to the animals as they always habitually assemble at the edges of the lake waters.