Describing Antiquity Of Jaipur
Jaipur – The capital city of RAJASTHAN, is located in the North-West Part of India. Founded in 1727 by Kachwaha ruler Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II – The Crown Jewel. The dominant color of most buildings is Pink – the color of hospitality. In 1876 to honor Albert Edward, Prince of Wales and the eldest son of Queen Victoria, Maharaja ordered to repaint the whole city in terracotta pink.
The story of Jaipur begins like this….
A very renowned king of Indian state Rajasthan, Maharaja Jai Singh II who was a kachawa Rajput once decided to create a royal history in the golden words of Indian thesaurus. He decided to rule the hearts of people not by winning any war, but by providing them an astonishing land to breathe and commemorate their dignity. And then he founded the largest city of the state “JAIPUR”.
Security is one of the claims
Maharaja in Hindi signifies “The King” who takes every responsibility of their citizens and every entity under their rule. Maharaja Jai Singh II after fighting several battles with Maratha was deeply concerned with the security of his people. With the stairs leading to the foundation of the city Jaipur, his security concern was the origination of the ladder which then led to his interest in the scientific and cultural development of the city.
Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, the Name after Jai Singh II
The next question in front of Jai Singh II was how to begin the journey to royalty? His idea was not enough to lead the reality of his thoughts. The planning goes in vain until and unless it turns to reality. And the veracity of designing this royal city was finally taking place. The great Brahman Scholar of Bengal named Vidyadhar Bhattacharya was appointed by the King to design the city's structural design. Vidyadhar Bhattacharya was titled the chief architect of that time. The king wanted a city that will be known for its rich legacy and architecture in the future. And thus, the city was themed on the grid-based model elaborating the richness of Indian literature, Ptolemy and Euclid under one aim along with the principles of Shilpa Shatra and Vastu Shatra.
1727: The vision stepping to Reality
1727 marked as the year for the construction of the city Jaipur. Being the lover of mathematics and science, King Jai Singh II wished to create an exemplar of perfection which talks about the importance and significance of the applications involving the principles of mathematics and physics. Keeping the taste of the king on the priority list, the architect designed the city and major monuments ruled by the concepts of physics and Mathematics. The major palaces, roads, and squares of the city were constructed under the strategic plan which took around 4 years as a whole. The city was divided into nine blocks, seven blocks out-and-out to the local people and two blocks describing the state buildings and palaces of Maharaja. Being a king, security was the foremost claim to sense about. And thus, the architecture of the city involved the seven-strong gates by fortifying walls ensuring the security of the city.
Maharaja Jai Singh II finally realized his dreams into reality. His excellence and brilliance along with Vidyadhar Bhattacharya constructed the city with grace and royalty. With their advancement, the city was titled as the best-planned city in the Indian Subcontinent. And thus, this title was becoming popular at the global level. In the year 1853, the prince of whales decided to visit this city Jaipur. King Jai Singh II was a believer of the quote “Atithi Devo Bhawah” which signifies that every guest resembles almighty. With such a thought in his mind, he ordered all workmen to paint the city Pink in the honor of the prince. When the prince initiated his journey to Jaipur, he was overwhelmed by demonstrating the beauty of the city which was painted pink, and thus, he titled the Jaipur city as “pink city”.
The city Jaipur provides the three modes of connectivity from other states, cities, and countries:
Jaipur international airport, Sanganer offers one essential mode to fly by and on Jaipur. Everyday scheduling includes many airline flights on the airport which connects the journey of Jaipur with other places.
The domestic destinations of airlines from and to Jaipur includes Ahmadabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Goa, Hyderabad, Jammu, Mumbai, Pune, Chandigarh, Guwahati, and Kolkata.
The international destinations involve Dubai, Muscat, and Sharjah from Jaipur international airport.
Jaipur junction is the largest of all the stations in the city Jaipur which is also the headquarters of the northwestern railway zone. Following are the stations connecting to the city:
Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Indore, Ratlam, Chandigarh, Kota, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Gandhi Nagar, Pune, Ujjain, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Nagpur, Itarsi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Varanasi, Patna, and Trivandrum.
Sindhi Camp Bus Stop is the largest station in the city Jaipur that connects Jaipur to different cities by the modes of the bus. RSRTC operates bus service to all the parts of Rajasthan and New Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu Kashmir, Chandigarh. National Highway No.8 links Delhi to Mumbai, National Highway No.12 links to Kota, Baran District, and National Highway No.11 links Bikaner to Agra, passing through Jaipur district with a total length of 366 km.
Golden Triangle serves the circuit of tourism in India which includes three destinations namely Delhi, Agra, and Jaipur. The golden triangle tourism includes the initial and final destination as Delhi covering Agra and Jaipur in the journey. This journey is known as the golden triangle because of its triangular geometry formed by covering New Delhi, Jaipur, and Agra on the map. The tourists start their triangle journey from Indian capital Delhi and then to the visitation to Taj Mahal in Agra and then ending the journey by living in the rich heritage of Jaipur. This circuit of tourism is 1000 Km by road Ingress with each interval led by 4 to 6 hours of drive.
Golden Triangle offers the best tourism in India which is coined as one of the most wanted tour packages in India. Every month Golden triangle tour package is served to more than 1000 international visitors in a month. Golden Triangle promises the tour to the exploration of the rich heritage of India meant in the city Agra, Delhi, and Jaipur. These three places serve the grass-root level defining the richness and uniqueness of the Indian culture and traditions in detail.
PADHAROH NI MAAHRE DES!
Welcome to the pink city, Jaipur, The capital of Rajasthan
People of Jaipur
The word exceptional is typically meant for the people of Rajasthan who serve the dignity of their city. The people in Jaipur embrace the unique appearance and personality as a whole. The people living in Jaipur are titled sweet people who engage in dialogues very easily and proudly talks about their city. The one thing they are proud of is their culture and traditions which can never be seen in any part of the globe. Their traditions and customs are their foremost apparels that are naturally imbibed in their hearts. The king of Jaipur Maharaja Jai Singh II spread the famous quote “Atithi Devo Bhawah” In his city that every local person in Jaipur city welcomes their guests with dignity and luxury considering them as the model of almighty. One can never remain untouched by the glorious and affectionate nature of the local people of Jaipur. The essence of concern and care by the Rajasthani people can be felt in the environment demonstrating their kindness to the tourists and other domestic guests.
PADHARON NI MHARE DES! A very famous Rajasthani quote dedicated to all the guests in the city signifies the welcoming quote to the guests overwhelmed by the people of Jaipur and their royal services. Since the foundation of the city Jaipur, every local being is serving their actions to make this city a proud place in the world by indulging themselves in dialogues and letting the people know the real beauty of the city filled with colors, pride, and honor.
“JAAN JAAYE PAR VACHAN NA JAAYE“ is a very famous quote used in the Rajasthani language which signifies that the Rajputana people when committing something to others, then it becomes their dignity and honor which is prior even to their soul. The people of Rajputana can risk their life but won’t ever play against affiance and commitment.
Cuisines of Jaipur
The country India enriches many types of rich-filled cuisine which lays an important aspect in the popularity of Indian culture. The type of food and cuisine in India varies with each state demonstrating the equal and different important essentials attached with the dignified culture and tradition. Talking about Jaipur at a peculiar level, the city is flourished with great success behind the cuisines of the city. The cuisine in the city offers delightful food made in Desi Ghee along with real Rajasthani Home-made Spices. The main cuisine of Jaipur is named DAL, BAATI, CHURMA, GATTE KI SABJI, and CURRY.
Dal: Dal serving the main cuisine in Jaipur is made by the mixture of many Dal and cooked under Desi Ghee along with spices which add on a special taste in the Dal.
Baati: The BAATI are the roles of flour mixed with Desi ghee which are cooked on an ancient stove (Sigri) involving the traditional ways of lighting it by burning coal.
Churma: The Churma is the sweet ingredient in the palate which is made by crushing the Baati and adding more ghee and sugar into it. The churma in itself is a tasteful blast of rich Desi ghee.
It is said that the real taste of Dal, Baati, and Churma is experienced when eating with hands. One doesn’t need any spoon and folk to enrich themselves with the taste of Rajasthani cuisine, your hands are enough to accompany you for the same.
The other Rajasthani cuisines involve Boondi, Sukhdi, Laapsi, Raabdi, Makki ki raab, besan gate, and Ker- Saangri ki sabji which are typically part of the Jaipur specialty. Jaipur is famous for its delicious sweets as well which include Churma, Gujia, Seero, Imarti, Ghevar, Imarti, Feeni, Balusahi, and Milk Cake. All the dishes and cuisines of the Jaipur share a special feature and i.e., all the dishes and sweets are made with home-made spices and fried in Desi ghee which adds a special taste in the cuisine which can only be realized in the Jaipur city.
All these cuisines were part of the king’s palette during his rule. The chef’s were ordered to cook the food in a Rajasthani style portraying the richness and royalty of the city. And now, all these cuisines are famous worldwide for their special and rich taste which can only be felt and tasted in the city of Rajasthan.
King Jai Singh II as mentioned was a king of dignity and thus he decided that the attire of the city will be different from all other states behaving and customizing the importance of Rajputana culture in the city. The clothing, accessories, and footwear, all in one were designed as per the significance of Rajputana state. The Rajputana women were ordered to dress in the style of wrapping themselves under the rituals of Rajasthan and offer respect to every person in the family. The attires were designed exceptionally reflecting the taste and sovereignty of Rajasthani culture.
Attires For Men
Peculiarly, talking about men: Their attires included Pagri (Turban), Angarkha Dhoti, Pyjamas, and Patka.
For every Rajasthani man, their turban plays an important role in the honor and pride of their culture. The Rajasthani man always wears a turban on their head as it signifies their dignity and means of telling others about their sincere dedication towards their culture.
Turban is made of many colors and styles which vary from person to person. The men who are higher post like Sarpanch, or ancestors of repute wear big size Pagri and other wear Safa which is shorter but broader in shape. Wearing a pagri becomes essential in any occasion or festival which helps in demonstrating their honorable culture and traditions.
Angraakha is basically the upper body protector garment that is made of cotton. The size of angrakha varies from waist till knees. The choice helps in deciding men which size to wear. Commonly, the angrakha commonly wore is a frock-like styling and goes beyond knees.
Dhoti helps in covering the lower part of the body which is measured as 4 meters to 1 meter. Wearing a dhoti is a tough task and needs a lot of practice for the same. Commonly, the dhoti comes in white color, but on occasions, Rajasthani people wear silk dhoti with a Zari border.
Patka is a normal cloth that was worn by the upper-class families in the city. It was generally tied on the waist and was helpful to tuck in the weapons during any war in medieval times.
The Rajasthani men look perfect with these attires along with their big mustache which is the symbol of their pride and honor.
The accessories amongst men include earrings paired with a gold chain or a pearl necklace. Along with the necklace, Rajasthan men’s accessory is accompanied by the heavy metal bracelets on their hands. The bracelets are known as Kadda and play a significant role under the category of men’s accessories.
Attires for Women
The Rajasthani women attires include:
Ghagra is a long skirt reaching up to the ankle with a narrow waist that goes wider down and flares towards the base. This ghagra is a colorful skirt embracing the zari and Kundan work along with the prints of Mothra, chunari, and laharia which perfectly signifies the richness and hues of the Rajasthani traditions.
Choli is the colorful blouse wore on the upper part of the body. They are found in many colors and different patterns as per the choice of women. Choli offers many styles of stitching along with Zari borders.
Odhani is considered the most important apparel in Rajasthan. It is a piece of cloth about 10 feet long. It is tucked in the Ghagra and then another end is to be taken to the head and then cover the other shoulder. The Odhani on hearing is a symbol of respect that women give to the elder ones and their ancestors when standing with them. It is one important ritual to always carry Odhani on their head, otherwise, it opts as an act of disrespecting other people in their culture.
The Rajasthani women earlier used to wear brass jewelry. But now the brass is replaced by silver, gold, and metal ornaments. The variety of designs in the jewelry includes flowers, leaves, sun, moon, etc. which are portrayed in the heavy ornaments embroidery with a glass-piece.
Rajasthani people are famous for the attires they wear. Different from original and common clothes, the people in Jaipur believe in carrying their culture forward by dressing in their own style and custom. The apparels of Jaipur people are peculiarly the exemplar of perfection of art and royal culture of the state.
Jootisor Mojaris are shoes that are made up of sheep, goat, or camel skin. These Mojaris include the embroidery patterns on the front. Jootis are formally worn in the city Jaipur with traditional attires supporting the beauty of the same.
After developing such beautiful and sovereign attires, how could king Jai Singh II remain behind in developing the folk dances? And thus his keen interest shifted in developing the folk dances of the state. Because of the colorful attires and attitude of people in the city, it became mandatory to introduce the unique and marvelous folk dance in the city. And then, local people started working on the royalty of the same and performed many types of dances in front of the king to impress him. Not only this, the folk dance of the state was then mentioned in golden words in the history book of Rajasthan. It plays a vital and significant role in assisting the royal culture of the state. Following are the types of folk dances performed in the city:
Gowari dance is performed by a group of people in a circle dedicating their performance to the deity. It represents a dance-drama performed by the villagers in order to signify the beauty and power of the folk dance. The Gowri dance is famous in many parts of Jaipur in which the villagers perform their dance using Madal and Thali as their props.
Ghoomar dance is a very popular dance in Jaipur that is performed by the females of the village on special occasions and festivals dressed in typical attires of Rajasthan. the Ghoomar music is a sign of the beauty of Rajasthani women.
This is a fascinating dance form in which the women participating in the dance are tied manjeeras on their wrists, Elbows, waists, and arms and then they perform on the beats of their manjeeras. It is one of the most difficult dance forms which require a lot of strength and power.
Kathputli dance is the puppet dance that is famous not only in Jaipur but in every part of Rajasthan. The puppet show demonstrates the real stories of the hero’s and kings of the state.
Kalbeliya dance is performed by the snake-charmer communities performing the dance wearing black color Rajasthani attires accompanied by various accessories. The dance includes many stunts performed by the women. The Rajasthani men accompany their women by playing Tandoora and Iktara by side.
Art and Craft
Jaipur is itself is filled with the beauty and amazing inventions by the craftsmen of the city. The art and craft of Jaipur include every handmade entity made by locally trained people. The best exemplar of art and craft of Jaipur includes:
Jaipur jewelry is famous worldwide because of its rich patterns and heavy-looking ornaments. The jewelry in Jaipur is made by craftsmen who completely pour their talent into the jewelry. The patterns of the jewelry include flowers, leaven, sun, and moon which typically describe the glimpse of King Jai Singh II's ruling time.
It is the world's largest center for gemstone cutting and polishing (especially Emerald and Tanzanite).
Jaipur is famous for bandej pattern sarees which are typically made by the hands of craftsmen portraying a unique and marvelous appearance. Bandej sarees are exclusive in their way as it is completely different from all other sarees. And comparatively looks more beautiful than any other.
The puppets prepared in Jaipur are typically made of Rajasthani style along with the Rajputana apparel. The puppet plays an important role in assisting the traditions of Jaipur which helps in demonstrating true stories of the Jaipur culture and honored time.
Sanganer Block Print
Sanganeri block prints are very popular and serve as the only export hub of hand printing art. The craftsmen typically print the clothes in natural colors and patterns.
The miniature paintings in Jaipur are famous in their shell which signifies the true and beautiful culture of Rajasthan along with its importance. The miniature paintings in Jaipur develops the big business hub as they are popular worldwide and uniquely made in the parts of Jaipur only.
Most of the almighty statues we see in Rajasthan are based on the hard work of craftsmen of Jaipur. The craftsmen of Jaipur develop the marble statues by their hands and not using any artificial means serving the same. They dedicate their whole life it embracing the marbles into beautiful and breathe taking statues crafted with beautiful cuts and edges.
The king Jai Singh II always accorded and permitted great importance to the festivals in the city. the queens and other women in the city shared a special glimpse of their festivals dedicated to their husbands and prayers involving the security of their spouse. Almighty Shiv and Parvati were preached in the whole city with whole hearten prayers and offerings. And thus, the city started acknowledging the couple in which Goddess Parvati underwent many Tapasya and fast to meet Lord Shiv as her spouse. This festival is celebrated as TEEJ.
The king slowly and gradually after watching such marvelous performances and elephants, he introduced a day for elephants known as Jaipur Elephant Festival. Under this day, the elephants are decorated with colorful apparels and then they share many stunts with local people.
Kite festival then gradually became one of the famous festivals in which the people starting sharing their day with their loved ones and flying kites together in high sky.
Accompanied by other festivals, the city was enriched with many festivals and till now shares a special importance and significance behind the same. The festivals of Jaipur somewhere describes the dignity and initial occasions that were the part of the ruling time of Jai Singh II.
NUMBERS AND FACTS TO REMEMBER
Geographical area: 11117.8Sqr Km.
Direction in state: East
Length from east to west: 180 Km
Width from north to south: 110 Km
Jaipur temperature in summers
Maximum: 45 degree
Minimum 25 degree
Jaipur temperature in winters
Maximum: 22 degree
Minimum: 5 degree
Total population: 66, 63,971
Urban: 34, 99,204
Rural: 31, 64,767
Males: 34, 90,787
Females: 31, 73,184
Height: 122-183 m from sea level
Altitude: 431 m
Ground level water: 14m
Spoken Languages: Rajasthani, Marwari, Hindi, English