Cenotaphs Of Kachhawa Rulers :
The Kachhawa Rajputs conquered Amber in the middle of the 12th cent. A.D. and made it their capital ruling over it for the next six centuries. They established good relations with the Mughals which increased their power and wealth enormously.
This cremation ground contains 6 big, 8 medium and 12 small-sized cenotaphs, with the remaining being in the form of platforms, of the rulers and family members of the dynasty.
The six big cenotaph belong to Raja Bharmal, Raja Bhagwant Das, Raja Man Singh, Raja Jai Singh, Raja Ram Singh, and Raja Vishnu Singh.
Video: Cenotaphs Of Kachhawa Rulers
History of Cenotaphs Of Kachhawa Rulers
The medium sized cenotaphs were built in the memory of those princes who died at a young age. The smaller ones are those princes who died in childhood the rulers of Amber shifted their kingdom to Jaipur from Amber after the death of Raja Vishnu Singh. The cenotaphs of the later Kachhawa rulers for this reason are situated at Gaitore.
Three of big cenotaphs are built on square platform each having 20 square pillers made up of green sand stone. Each cenotaphs has a big dome and 4 small domes marking the four directions. The remaining bigger cenotaphs are built on round platforms each with 12 decorative round pillers and a big dome. The dome of the cenotaph of Raja Man Singh – I contains built the Dewan-i-Khas (Sheesh Mahal) in the Amber palace, has a dome white marble.
Cenotaph of Raja Bhagwant Das (CE 1573-1589)
Raja Bhagwant das become the raja of amber in 1573 CE after the death of his father raja Bharmal. A mansabdar at the court of emperor akbar , he was an outstanding warrior, coming out victorious in many a battle fought in western and northern india. He was sent to Kashmir to fight against sultan yusuf khan in 1585 where he made the sultan surrender and struck coins in the name of the emperor in the last years of his life he was with raja todarmal, joint subedar of punjab. Raja Baghwant das passed away at lahore on november 13, 1589 CE.
Cenotaph of Raja Man Singh I (CE 1589-1614)
Son of Raja Bhagwant Das. Raja Man Singh I was born in CE 1550. In 1562, he joined Emperor Akbar’s camp with his father at Sambhar. He grew up to be one of the most trusted generais of the Mughal army. He was honoured with the title of Mirza, which had been till that been bestowed only on members of the Royal family.
Though a major part of his life was spent in the battlefield, Raja Man Singh was a great builder too. He built temples, mosques, forts and palaces wherever he lived as a Governor of the Empire.
Mirza Raja Man Singh passed away at Elichpur (Dakhan) in 1614.
cenotaph of Mirza Raja Jai Singh I (CE 1621-1667)
Mirza Raja Jai Singh I (CE 1621-1667), son of Kanwar Maha Singh ascended the throne of amber on december 18,1621 when only ten year old.
Brought up by his mother at Dause, Jai Singh was well versed in persian, sanskrit, hindi and turkish and could converse with the mughals in their own language. He served the Empire, with three great mughal Emperors jahangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb and led the Mughal armies in various campaigns including Bizapur, Golkunda and Purander fort.
Besides being a great statesman and general Mirza Raja Jai Singh was a great builder too. A major part of the amber palaces and Diwan-e-Aam were built during his time. The Hindi poet Bihari lal lived at his court.
Mirza Raja Jai Singh passed away at Burhanpur (Khandesh) on august 28, 1667.
Cenotaph of Raja Ram Singh I (CE 1667-1688)
Raja Ram Singh ascended the throne of Amber on September 10, 1667 CE after the death of his father Mirza Raja Jai Singh. His mother was the chauhan Rani Anand Kunwar. Well versed in Sanskrit, Persian and Hindi, he studied at varanasi, a centre of learning.
He served the mughal emperor at Rangamati in Assam in the East. He was subsequently sent to Kohat on the western borders of India. He died there in April, 1688 CE.
Raja Ram Singh was an able general and administrator. He controlled the situation in Assam, where he is still remembered for his bravery. In history he will be remembered for his military sucesses and collection of books and maps, prepared by his cartographers which be brought back from Assam.
Cenotaph of Vishnu Singh (1688-1699 CE)
Raja Vishnu Singh (1688-1699) only son of Maharaj Kunwar Krishna Singh, Succeeded his grand father Raja Ram – I at the age of seventeen in 1689 CE. He lived only for a decade after coming to called Vishnupura and re-inhabitaed twelve vanas (forests and Mathura aroused in him a passion for Krishnalila. He commissioned a number of poetic works and dramas on the subject.
Later he was sent to Afghanistan. He died at Kabul on December 31, 1699 CE.